John Cabot was probably born in Genoa around 1450 and died at sea sometime around 1499. Like other Italian explorers and seamen, he sailed under the flag and auspices of another country. Columbus had sailed for Spain; Cabot sailed for England. He was a navigator and explorer whose voyages in 1497 and 1498 helped lay the groundwork for the later British claim to Canada. Unlike Columbus, however, the exact details of his life and of his voyages are still subjects of controversy among historians and cartographers. . .
Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa in 1451 to Domenico Colombo, a middle class wool- weaver, and Susanna Fontanarossa. Though little is known about his childhood, it is apparent that he was well-educated since he was able to speak several languages as an adult and had considerable knowledge of classical literature. In addition, he studied the works of geographers Ptolemy and Marinus, to name a few. Columbus first went to sea when he was 14 years old and continued sailing throughout his younger life . . .
Amerigo Vespucci was born around 1454 in Florence and died in 1512 in Sevilla, Spain. He was a mer- chant and explorer-navigator who took part in early voyages to the New World (1499–1500, 1501–02), primarily looking for pearls and precious stones, but also fascinated with navigational techniques and especially navigating by use of the sun and stars . . .
Giorgione (born Giorgio Barbarelli da Castelfranco) was a Venetian painter of the High Renaissance in Venice, whose career was cut short by his untimely death when he was a little over thirty. Giorgione is known for the elusive poetic quality of his work, though only about six surviving paintings are acknowledged for certain to be his own work. The resulting uncertainty about the identity and meaning of his art has made Giorgione one of the most mysterious figures in European painting. . .
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi was born in Venice on March 4th, 1678. Vivaldi’s parents were Giovanni Battista Vivaldi and Camilla Calicchio. Vivaldi had five siblings: Margarita Gabriela, Cecilia Maria, Bonaventura Tomaso, Zanetta Anna, and Francesco Gaetano. Giovanni Battista, who was a barber before becoming a professional violinist, taught Antonio to play the violin and then toured Venice playing the violin with him. . . (more)
Filippo Mazzei was a Florentine merchant, surgeon, and horticulturist, who befriended Thomas Jefferson through business connections several years before they actually met. After working as a wine merchant in London for about eighteen years, Mazzei sailed to Virginia in 1773 to indulge his interest in the political life of the Colonies and to conduct agricultural experiments. . .
Constantino Brumidi (July 26, 1805 - February 19, 1880) was a Greek/Italian-American historical painter, best known and honored for his fresco work in the Capitol Building in Washington, DC. He was born in Rome; his father was Greek and his mother was Italian. After studying at the Italian Academy of Arts, he showed his talent for fresco painting and painted in several Roman palaces, among them that of Prince Torlonia. Under Pope Gregory XVI he worked for three years in the Vatican as a fresco artist. . .
Giuseppe Garibaldi was born in Nice on July 4, 1807. His father was a fisherman and also piloted trading vessels along the Mediterranean coast. When Garibaldi was a child, Nice, which had been ruled by Napoleonic France, came under the control of the Italian kingdom of Piedmont Sardinia. It’s likely that his great desire to unite Italy was rooted in his childhood experience of essentially seeing the nationality of his hometown being changed . . .
Camillo Paolo Filippo Giulio Benso, Count of Cavour, of Isola Bella and of Leri (August 10, 1810 – June 6, 1861) was a leading figure in the movement toward Italian unification. He was the founder of the original Italian Liberal Party and Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Pied- mont-Sardinia, a position he maintained (except for a six-month resignation) throughout the Second Italian War of Independence and Garibaldi’s campaigns to unite Italy. . .
Arturo Toscanini (born March 25, 1867, in Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy; died January 16, 1957 in the Bronx, New York City, New York). He was an Italian conductor; as such he was one of the most ac- claimed musicians of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He was renowned for his brilliant intensity, his restless perfectionism, his phenomenal ear for orches- tral detail and sonority, and his photographic memory. As music director of the NBC Symphony Orchestra, he became a household name through his radio and television broadcasts and many recordings of the operatic and symphonic reper- toire. He is widely considered to have been one of the greatest conductors of the 20th century. . .
GRAZIA DELEDDA (1871-1936)
Grazia Maria Cosima Damiana Deledda was born in Nuoro, Sardinia, on September 28, 1871. Sardinian villages were isolated from one another, and this was particularly true of the town of Nuoro, which stood on high ground at the foot of Monte Ortobene and the surrounding Barbargia area in the mountainous and once thickly wooded center of the island. Her father, Giovanni Antonio Deledda, was a middle class, fairly well-to-do landowner who farmed his own land. . .
Alfredo Antonini was a leading Italian-American symphony conductor and composer who was active on the international concert stage as well as on the CBS radio and television networks from the 1930s through the 1960s. In 1971 he received an Emmy Award for best musical performance on television for his conducting of the premiere of Ezra Laderman’s opera And David Wept for CBS television . . .
Terence Tenison Cuneo was born in London, the son of Cyrus Cincinato Cuneo and Nell Marion Tenison, artists who met while studying with Whistler in Paris. Cyrus Cuneo’s elder brother Rinaldo Cuneo (see July 2016 Bulletin) was also an acclaimed painter in San Francisco, as was his youngest brother Egisto Cuneo (Gordon Cuneo’s father). Terence Cuneo studied at Sutton Valence School, Chelsea Polytechnic and the Slade School of Art. His early working life involved working as an illustrator for magazines, books and periodicals . . .
Gino Bartali was born in Florence on July 18, 1914, the third son of four children of a small landowner, Torello Bartali. As a young boy, he earned pocket money by selling raffia to makers of covers for wine bottles. He began work in a bicycle shop when he was 13 . . .
Angelo Bartlett “Bart” Giamatti, April 4, 1938–September 1, 1989 was the President of Yale University, and later, the seventh Commissioner of Major League Baseball. He attended Yale University and graduated magna cum laude in 1960, and stayed in New Haven to receive his doctorate in 1964 and become a professor of Comparative Literature at Yale . . .